Ikat fabrics

Ikat is a Malay-Indonesian term for cloth which patterned by dyeing the threads before it has been woven. In Uzbek the term is used as abrband. Abr means cloud and band—tying. The fabric made by such way using silk and cotton threads is called adras. Adras was forgotten during the Soviet time of the Uzbek history. However, thanks to Rasul's father Turghunboy Mirzaahmedov's effort to revive this type of fabric in 1990s, clothes made from adras were preserved and have gained a reputation among the Uzbek women once again.
Ikat weaving comprises complicated hand work process. First cocoons are boiled to make it easy obtaining silk strings. The silk strings after being taken from cocoons are bleached so that a sticky vax is washed away. Rounded strings go to dawra—an equipment to reel silk strings for particular measurment (meters). Warp threads get ready to be marked out of dyeing by attaching warps on the patterning frame. Then a designer draws patterns on the warp bundles. After that bundled each piece is dyied turn by turn to different colours. Finally, prepared for setting to a loom a warp goes to a weaver, who sits at a loom to weave the fabric. Moki—shuttle is used for weaving a fabric.
Ikat clothes and fabrics, when one wears them are a guesture of brightness and happiness of one's life. That's why they are warn and used in traditional holiday occasions and wedding ceremoni.
Silk Velvet—A'lo Bakhmal

A'lo Bakhmal literally meaning excellent velvet is another type of silk fabric. It was produced in the workshops during the time of rulership of Emirate of Bukhara in the 19th century. The velvet produced in these workshops was intended for amir's family and servicemen. That's why it was named a'lo—the top of fabrics. After the fall of Bukhara Emirate the fabric was ceased being produced, as the masters made the fabric either were terminated or exiled by the Bolsheviks. Only after a century, in 1997 it was revived by Rasuljon Mirzaahmedov, using same technique and natural dyes. The master was awarded for this work A Sealof Excellence by the UNESCO in 2005.

From the start of 2007, with the initiative of UNESCO a carpet weaving workshop was set up to restore antique carpet designs from Andalussian and Temurid periods of Islamic history. All of the designs are depicted in antique miniature paintings in clasical books. All the rugs and carpets are hand made works. Only silk and wool materials are used and natural dyes are applied. The carpets are wowen in different sizes and different quantity of knots per centimeter of carpets. It takes long time for such carpets to be finished weaving, at least 6 months for a carpet of the size 1 meter square quadrat.
Block Printing

Block printing has a long history in Central Asian textile tradition. It is established that samples of old block printed materials done by local block-printers go back to 18th century. Materials made by Central Asian block-printers were famed for their quality and nice design and exported to Russia untill 19th century.
In recent years block-printing in Uzbekistan has been considered as vanishing type of handicraft, due to low demand for them by local buyers, also because it has been dyed by synthetic colours.
At present in Margilan, Solijon Ahmadaliev's family has been keeping the craft of block-printing. There are only few original old samples of Uzbek block-printed fabrics kept in the Tashkent State Museum. A special aspect of this project is to revive this block-printing with natural dyeing and safeguard it in Margilan.